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What is engineered parquet?
Unlike solid parquet, which is made of a single species of wood, engineered parquet is a parquet made of 3 different layers of wood:
- The wear layer, also called "facing". It is the upper part of the laminated parquet, that on which the gaze (and the foot!) And therefore that which guarantees the aesthetics of the parquet: it is therefore always made in a noble wood. This is also why to the eye, a laminated parquet can quite resemble a solid parquet!
- The support, otherwise called "the soul of the parquet" is composed of several underlayers in wood derivatives. Its role is to guarantee the stability of the laminated parquet.
- Finally, the backing stabilizes the assembly with strips of wood or plywood.
Today, engineered parquet floors are available for sale in various types of wood (walnut, wenge, maple, oak, etc.); the blades can be of different lengths and widths, chamfered or joined. The finishes of a laminated parquet are generally provided by the manufacturers, whether the parquet is varnished, oiled, bleached or stained.
The different kinds of engineered parquet
If you opt for parquet laminate at home, you will have to choose between two types of engineered parquet : multi-ply parquet and monolame. The multi-ply engineered parquet, as its name suggests, has different friezes on the same blade. Slightly less aesthetic, it is also less expensive to buy and is ideal for individuals who want real parquet at home at lower costs.
Conversely, the monolame engineered parquet looks more like solid parquet, with a frieze per blade width.
The advantages and disadvantages of laminated parquet
If it is more and more popular with individuals, it is because laminated parquet has many advantages, in particular:
- The width and length of its boards, longer and wider than for solid parquet.
- The possibility of installing the boards without glue, with the floating installation system, very fast and easy to implement with a good level of DIY.
- The maneuverability of the laminated parquet, which you can sand, varnish, oil or repaint according to your desires!
On the other hand, on the side of weak points of laminated parquet, keep in mind that this type of parquet will, on the one hand, always be less aesthetic than a real solid parquet. Indeed, even if the facing layer of laminated parquet is always made of solid wood, this type of parquet does not have the cachet of a solid parquet. On the other hand, technically speaking, laminated parquet requires the same precautions as solid parquet (in terms of temperature, humidity in the room, etc.).
In addition, even if the floating laying of solid parquet is easier to achieve than a glued installation, as the parquet is not unified to the support, the sound insulation will be of lower quality with a laminated parquet than with a solid parquet.
Laminate flooring: the importance of thickness
As it is the thickness of the facing layer which will guarantee the wear resistance and the durability over time of a laminated parquet, always check it before purchasing the parquet model you like.
Be aware that it must be at least 2.5 mm to deserve the designation of parquet quality engineered parquet for a living room will be at least 3.5 mm thick (in less busy rooms, a facing of 2.5 mm will however be more than enough).